Chafer grubs, the larval stage of the chafer beetle, can present challenges in grass areas as they feed themselves by consuming the roots of grass plants.
Adult Chafers are medium-sized reddish brown beetles about 13-15mm long.
It is the grub stage however that is most likely to be found in turf. Damage is usually most evident in August and September. Early symptoms include gradual thinning, yellowing, and weakening of the grass stand followed by the appearance of scattered, irregular dead patches. As damage continues, the dead patches may increase in size, and apparently healthy turf areas may exhibit sudden wilting. The turf may feel spongy as you walk over the infested area.
Adult Chafers emerge from the pupal cells in mid-June and continue mating until late July. The adults emerge at dusk and fly to nearby trees and shrubs where copulation begins. This copulation occurs in mass until dawn when adults return to the soil. Cool or rainy nights greatly reduce flight and mating activities, but eventually females dig into the soil and lay eggs. Each female lays 15-20 eggs in 2-5 days. They are usually laid in compacted soil, up to 150mm deep.
The eggs swell to approximately 2.0 x 2.7mm as they absorb moisture and hatch in about two weeks. The first instar (stage) are approximately 4mm long and may remain in the soil if surface moisture levels are low. however eventually the young larvae move to the surface and feed on plant roots. If food is sufficient, the first instar matures in three weeks and the second instars take a further four weeks to mature. The third instars which can grow to 17mm when fully grown feed for a period in the autumn before moving down into the soil for the winter. Pupation then occurs in mid-May 50-150mm into the soil.
0 Brands found
4 Products found
Full approval for Acelepryn now covers control of Chafer grubs and Leatherjackets in sports pitches, golf greens, tees and fairways, golf roughs, racecourses and gallops, bowling greens, airfields, and professional application to commercial and residential lawns, subject to specific restrictions on the percentage of the area being treated.
Chafer grubs cause extensive damage by feeding on plant roots in turf. The secondary damage is just as destructive when birds, badgers, foxes, moles and other small mammals rip up the already weakened turf in search of their protein rich larvae. Tell-tale signs of infestation include birds pecking at the grass, poor grass growth, the appearance of yellow patches and the ability to pull the turf up because there is little or no root growth. Nemasys G is made up of the beneficial nematode: Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, which able to neutralise chafer grubs when they are just larvae.
NemaTrident B contains a naturally occurring beneficial entomopathogenic nematode, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora formulated in a wettable powder, enclosed in a non-water-soluble pack. NemaTrident F is safe and sustainable, providing highly effective control of larvae when they come into direct contact with the target pest. Small larvae (early stages) are most susceptible. To enhance the movement of NemaTrident B and the targeting of larvae at application, it is recommended to always use it in conjunction with NemaSpreader. The unique dual component system ensures maximum dispersal of infective juvenile nematodes within the soil which then go in search of larvae to penetrate and kill.
12 Resources found